Stress feels when the face is overgrown by Cystic Acne. The large size, reddish and filled with pus definitely interfere with our appearance. Not to mention the effect that may cause pain and itching in areas covered by acne.
But you do not have to worry because there is a way to get rid of this ‘uninvited guest’ from your face. Acne can arise when the pores of your face are clogged by dead skin cells. Sometimes, bacteria get trapped inside and make the area red and swollen. Meanwhile, acne stones occur when this infection has entered deep into your facial skin and forms a lump containing pus. Not only on the face, acne stone can also appear on the chest, shoulders, back, or upper arms.
Causes of Cystic Acne
Actually there is no exact cause why you have acne stone, but androgen hormones can be designated as the trigger. Increased androgen hormones can cause changes in the skin that can lead to blockage of pores and acne. Among the high-androgen hormones are teenagers and women undergoing menstrual cycles, menopause, pregnancy, or those with polycystic ovary syndrome.
However, it does not mean among teenagers who can suffer from Cystic Acne. 8-year-olds or middle-aged parents can have it.
This condition also includes the ‘inheritance’ that parents give you. If one of your parents has suffered from severe stone acne, then you can also experience it.
Handling Cystic Acne
Acne stone can not be cured completely only by using acne medication that is sold freely in the market. If you have acne stone, then you should get help from experts, ie dermatologist or dermatologist. The following are medicines that can get rid of acne stones from your face as well as useful to avoid the appearance of acne scar tissue on the skin:
- Antibiotics. In addition to helping control bacteria, antibiotics can also relieve inflammation in your acne stone. But sometimes, there are also acne that is resistant to antibiotics. Antibiotics are generally given in tablet form, with types and doses based on age, type of acne, and acne conditions. Giving antibiotics can be combined also with other drugs, such as topical medicines containing benzoyl peroxide
- Salicylic acid and azelaic acid. Drug salicylic acid and azelaic acid have antibacterial properties that will prevent the occurrence of blockage in hair follicles that can trigger acne.
- Dapsone. This drug is given for inflamed acne cases, usually in adult women.
Isotretinoin. Most people manage to get rid of acne stones on their skin permanently and thoroughly with this drug. Isotretinoin serves to suppress the production of oil glands in the skin and reduce inflammation. However, this drug is also at risk of causing some serious side effects. For that, consult a dermatologist first for its use.
- Contraceptive Pill. Some types of contraceptive pills can also be used as acne therapy in women. However, this use should still be accompanied by other acne medications through a doctor’s consultation.
- Spironolactone. Spironolactone works by inhibiting the production of androgen hormones in the oil glands in your skin. These drugs are usually given to adolescent girls if oral antibiotics do not produce results.
- Topical medicines contain retinoids. Doctors will usually give medicines a type of cream, gel, or ointment that contains retinoids (vitamin A) to treat acne. This cleansing drug can overcome clogged pores while supporting antibiotic drugs to work optimally.
In addition to medications, there are also several types of therapy recommended for the owner of acne stone, such as:
- Spending black and white blackheads with special tools. However, this therapy has the risk of scar tissue forming on the skin.
- Peeling with chemicals, such as salicylic acid. Generally this therapy is done up to several times in order to get the desired results.
- Injections of corticosteroids directly into acne to reduce inflammation and reduce pain.
- Laser and photodynamic therapy. Laser light therapy performed to deal with acne stone starts to show good results. But further research is still needed to ensure the dose, method, and type of laser light that is safe for the patient’s skin and body.
Eliminate and Prevent Stone Acne with This Lifestyle
Taking medicines for acne alone is not enough to get rid of acne stones and prevent it from reappearing. Consumption of these medicines should be followed also by healthy lifestyle changes and hygiene, for example by doing the following steps:
- Take time to relax and calm the mind, because stress can trigger the production of hormones that can aggravate acne stone.
- Enough sleep.
- Exercising can also help. But do not forget, cleanse the skin after exercising.
- Keep your hands clean because these body parts often touch your face. Dirty hands full of germs can aggravate acne stone.
- Reduce bad habits squeeze pimples.
- Wash your face twice a day. Use a mild soap and gently rub the face, then rinse with warm water. Not only that, diligent bathing especially after a day of activity will also keep skin clean from oil and sweat that can trigger the appearance of acne.
- Use sunscreen to protect facial skin from sunlight that can aggravate acne prone skin.
- Choose products for acne prone skin containing benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, glycolic acid or alpha hydroxyl acid that can reduce excess oil on the skin surface.
- Avoid applying the face with facial scrubs, masks, astringent, or oil-containing products. These products can aggravate your acne.
- When you have acne, you definitely want to touch or squeeze it. This habit can actually cause infection or injury, especially if the condition of your hands dirty.
- Pay attention to anything that often comes into contact with your face, such as hair, cell phones, hoods, helmets, hats, or towels. Make sure the cleanliness of these objects.
If you have acne stones, do not be silenced for granted. Check with your doctor for immediate medical attention. Avoid handling it yourself at home.