Anticipating Infection During Pregnancy

The period of pregnancy is moments susceptible both to the mother and to the fetus, including the risk of infection. It is important to know the frequent pregnancy infection and how to prevent it, so that pregnant women can go through pregnancy smoothly and give birth to healthy babies.

Some types of infections are more prone to occur in pregnancy, and pregnancy alone can make certain infections worse. Especially if the condition is not immediately addressed.

Frequent Pregnancy Infections
Here are some common infections that can affect women during pregnancy:

  • Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
    UTIs are common during pregnancy, this is because hormonal conditions during pregnancy cause changes in the urinary tract and make you more susceptible to infection. UTI occurs when bacteria invade the urinary tract system consisting of the kidney, ureter, bladder, and urethra. There are two types of UTIs, namely the lower and upper UTIs. Lower UTI is an infection that occurs in the urethra and bladder, characterized by symptoms of a desire to always urinate, pain or tenderness during urination, cloudy urine color, and the smell of urine that sting. While the upper UTI is an infection that occurs in the ureters and kidneys, with symptoms of pain in the crotch, nausea, and fever.

If not treated promptly, UTI in pregnancy may cause infection of the kidneys and end with premature birth. To overcome the UTI, generally need the provision of antibiotics and paracetamol to relieve pain. Always consult a doctor before pregnant women take the drug.

  • Bacterial vaginosis
    Bacterial vaginosis or Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) occurs due to disruption of bacterial balance in the vagina. Although not painless or itchy, BV causes vaginal discharge and vaginal odor.

BV is generally harmless, but if it is experienced by women who are pregnant, this infection has a risk of complications in pregnancy, such as miscarriage or premature birth. Although the likelihood of complications are not large, but if the vagina discharge fluids in large quantities, you should immediately check with your obstetrician.

  • Fungal Infections
    Fungal vaginitis infections appear when the natural condition of the vagina is disturbed by internal or external factors that trigger excessive fungal growth. Fungal infections are common in pregnant women because of hormonal changes that affect the condition of the vagina.

Women affected by this type of pregnancy infection usually experience vaginal discharge and itching of the sex organs. Generally this condition can be overcome by using anti-fungal cream. In addition, there are also antifungal types of suppositories that are inserted into the vagina.

  • Toxoplasmosis
    Toxoplasmosis caused by toxoplasma infection. This parasite is transmitted from pet feces, especially cats. Women who have been exposed to toxoplasma before becoming pregnant have formed antibodies to fight the parasite. However, women who have never been exposed, have no immunity to this parasite.

Toxoplasma infection during pregnancy has the potential to cause blindness and damage to the baby’s brain. Therefore, avoid contact with animal waste during pregnancy and always make sure that the food you eat has been cooked until cooked.

  • Group Streptococcus Infection (SGB)
    Some people have the bacterium Streptococcus group B (SGB) in the body. In general, these bacteria are harmless and do not cause disease, as well as during pregnancy. However, sometimes SGB can cause infections in infants before or during labor.

If your baby has an SGB infection in the previous pregnancy, your doctor will recommend that you take antibiotics to prevent the baby from getting the same infection at the time of delivery. Similarly, if you suffer from bladder infections by SGB, antibiotics need to be given at delivery. Infants have a higher risk of getting an SGB infection if the pregnant woman has a fever during labor, premature delivery, or ruptured membrane water prematurely.

  • Rubella
    Rubella or German measles is very dangerous for pregnant women and babies in the womb, especially if it occurs in early pregnancy or first trimester. Pregnant women affected by rubella potentially miscarried. In addition, rubella can interfere with the development of various organs and body parts of babies in the womb. Abnormalities that may be experienced by the baby is skin rash, cataracts, heart damage, intellectual abnormalities, deafness, liver damage, and damage to the spleen.

If you plan to become pregnant, it is advisable to get MR (Measles-Rubella) immunization to avoid rubella infection. However, make sure the MR vaccine is given at least 4 weeks before pregnancy, and should not be given while pregnant.

If you plan to become pregnant, it is advisable to get MR (Measles-Rubella) immunization to avoid rubella infection. However, make sure the MR vaccine is given at least 4 weeks before pregnancy, and should not be given while pregnant.

Pregnancy infection does not always cause serious effects, but should also not be considered trivial. Immediately consult with your doctor if symptoms are disturbing or there is concern for the baby in the womb. In addition, always ask the doctor’s recommendation regarding the drugs used to treat the condition.

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